Using infant formulas

Using infant formulas

There is no other fluid like milk: it is the liquid food, the complete nourishment for the newly born offspring of all mammals. The milk of all mammals, however, is not equal. Each species has its own particular ‘brew’ of nutrients, suited to its needs.

Milks of different animals contain the same range of substances – water, proteins, fats, milk sugar, minerals, vitamins, and enzymes – but proportions vary widely.

Human milk is unique in it composition. Breast milk with its relatively low levels of proteins and salt is easy for babies to digest.

Cow’s milk has about three times the protein content of human milk, and it is high in sodium – fine for the calf which doubles its birth weight in two months. But it’s far too much for a new born infant’s kidneys to handle. And other nutrients in cow’s milk are also in the wrong proportions for human babies. It is too high in calcium, too low in vitamins C, D and E, and in minerals iron and copper.

Cow’s milk is not suitable as a sole food for human infants, or as a main drink in the first year of life.

To make formula milk suitable for infants, nutrient levels of cow’s (or goat’s) milk are altered and fortified to make them as close as possible to breast milk composition. The milk is also homogenised and heat treated to make it easier for infants to digest.

Formulas, though made to closely resemble human milk, cannot provide its unique properties that protect against infection and provide immunity. Milk is an amazingly complex liquid. Read the nutrients listed (some 35 of them) on a formula can. Human milk contains all of these and more.


About Eleanor Harris

Hi, there. It's my blog about nutritional solutions. I post the most helpful content in this topic ❤️ I got master degree 4 years ago at University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand. Now i work for Danone as Nutrition Executive

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